History of Snooker
Snooker appeared in the second half of the XIX century. Also known, that snooker was invented by Englishman, the military colonel of the English army. His name was Sir Neville Chamberlain. He changed the well-known game "Life Pool" in 1875. The new game was based on "Life Pool", but sir Nevill Chamberlain added few colored balls and changed rules of the game. Also known, that "Snooker" originally was an insult for the beginning players. Subsequently the British officer extended snooker in India. The rules of the snooker are appeared in India in 1882.
The legendary British champion John Roberts learned rules of Snooker from Colonel Chamberlain during visit to India in 1885. After returning to England, he presented Snooker for the colleagues. Since then, Snooker is the most popular billiard game in Great Britain. More...
15 red balls, 6 colored balls and the cue ball are on a table at the beginning of game in the classical version of Snooker. Each of color balls has the special mark in a table. Red balls keep within a pyramid near black. Players have to play serially in pockets red and color balls. Red balls in Snooker are rated at 1 point, color - from 2 to 7. The most "expensive" ball is black. Until the table is left by all red balls, the color balls are exposed on the marks. The winner is the player who can score the most points.
The maximum possible number of points for one breaks - 147, however exist the moments when it is possible to score 155 points, in this case "the free ball" participates in a break. Such a breaks, from 147 to 155 points , in Snooker are called "maximum". The name of the game Snooker is a position on the table at which the object ball is not visible directly for the cue ball because of other balls. More...
Famous snooker players
Stephen Hendry, Scotland - 7 times won at the world championships, 36 times won rating tournaments.
Steve Davis, England - 6 times won at the world championships, 28 times won rating tournaments.
Ronnie O'Sullivan, England - 5 times won at the world championships, 28 times won rating tournaments. He possesses a record of the fastest maximum break in 147 points (5 min. 20 sec.).
John Higgins, Scotland - 4 times won at the world championships, 28 times won rating tournaments.
Jimmy White, England - 6 times ranked second at the world championships; 10 victories at rating tournaments.
Ken Doherty, Ireland - World Champion 1997; 5 victories at rating tournaments.
Mark Williams, Welsh - winner of the World Championships 2000 and 2003.
A brief glossary
SNOOKERED - the condition of incoming player's cue ball position when he cannot shoot in a straight line and contact all portions of an on ball directly facing the cue ball (because of balls not "on" that block the path.
CUE BALL - the white, unnumbered ball that is always struck by the cue during play.
BREAK - total scored in one inning.
SCREW - DRAW, BACK SPIN, BOTTOM SPIN, BOTTOMS.
DOUBLE - a shot on which the cue ball is struck twice by the cue tip on the same stroke.
CLUSTER - standing back to back balls.
CROSS TABLE SHOT - shot in which scoring is accomplished by driving the cue ball across the table between the long cushion.
SUCCESSIVE FOULS - fouls made on consecutive strokes by the same player, also called consecutive fouls.
RAIN TABLE - table terrible quality.
FOUL - an infraction of the rules of play, as defined in either the general or the specific game rules. (Not all rule infractions are fouls.) Fouls result in a penalty, also dependent on specific game rules.
FLUKE - RAT-IN A BALL, SHITTING IN A BALL.
STROKE - the movement of the cue as a shot is executed.
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